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The Architectural Concept of the Church Ceilings and Roof Structures

Even though the project designed by the architect Károly KÓS yielded the conclusion that all the roof structures and ceilings in the church date back to the middle of the last century, the restoration work revealed certain novelties. After dismantling the ceiling, on one hand it became evident that the majority of horizontal beams were practically tie-beams of the roof structure of Gothic character surveyed by DEBRECZENI, while on the other hand original boards of the ceiling manufactured by the UMLING family in the 18th century were discovered, partially in their original place, and some of them repositioned in the Southern aisle. The whole ceiling was preserved in a state of advanced decay. Owing to this and to the monochrome appearance of the ceiling (which is less valuable than a decorated one), following a consultation with the timber-restorer, the decision was to keep the ceilings (and the hardwood tie-beams), but to do this behind a new boarded ceiling screen, so that the new roof structure would be elevated independently of this historical structural unit. Thus the historical boards of the central nave ceiling remained in situ, while those of the Southern lateral nave were moved to the central nave. New tie-beams were inserted among the original tie-beams of the Gothic roof structure to support the new ceiling, resulting in an independent structure, bearing the beaded edge boards and battens forming the panelled ceiling. Light-spots were inserted within these boards. This type of ceiling was executed under the “lad gallery”, under the Western gallery, in the side naves and in the transept as well.
The roof structure of the church is closely linked to the ceiling. We have maintained its volume because, even though the covering was changed in 1963, we consider it is a work by KÓS (as demonstrated both by the gable, the projects and perspective designs elaborated by Kós, which all match the roof structure as it was before the restoration).
Thus all the roof structures of the church have been reconstructed, but the height of the eaves and roof ridge of the central nave were kept and the original timber eaves brackets as well. The tie-beams of the roof structure above the choir were inserted into reinforced concrete ring beams applied during the last rehabilitation process in 1963, which led to serious damage in the timber: therefore they would not be able to support a new roof structure with tile covering. The concrete ring-beam was removed and new tie-beams were inserted among the old ones. The angle of this roof structure is similar to that of the central nave, the height of the ridge is the same, only the height of the eaves differs. This was lowered to the level of the stone cornice, in order to create a visual coherence of the two elements. The wall above the cornice was kept.
The spire of the tower was restored so that only the biologically degraded elements were replaced and the covering was replaced with copper plates.

.: © 2015 Szeki Reformatus Templom ::: Biserica Reformata din Sic ::: Sic Calvinist Church :.